Nomadic: Normalising Maliciously-Secure Distance with Cosine Similarity for Two-Party Biometric Authentication

Computing the distance between two non-normalized vectors $\mathbfit{x}$ and $\mathbfit{y}$, represented by $\Delta(\mathbfit{x},\mathbfit{y})$ and comparing it to a predefined public threshold $\tau$ is an essential functionality used in privacy-sensitive applications such as biometric authentication, identification, machine learning algorithms ({\em e.g.,} linear regression, k-nearest neighbors, etc.), and typo-tolerant password-based authentication.

Jul 1, 2024